Monitoring Ambient Air 2011

Towards the 2013 Revision of the Ambient Air Quality Directive – Issues and Solutions

Monday 12th and Tuesday 13th December 2011

Royal Society of Chemistry, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London, W1J 0BA       

During the ten years since the European Air Quality Directives were introduced pollution concentrations have not decreased as fast as expected, member states are therefore experiencing difficulties with attainment of Limit and Target Values for NO2, O3 and PM10. It is clear that large gaps remain in our understanding of emissions sources and their linkage to ambient concentrations. Meanwhile evidence of the health burden of air pollution continues to grow and increased emphasis on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions provides opportunities for co-benefits between climate change mitigation measures and air pollution abatement. The conference addressed some of these scientific questions in a programme consisting of four sessions including an AirMonTech Project Update,  AirMonTech is an EU project compiling information to harmonize current air pollution monitoring techniques and to advise on future monitoring technologies and strategy.

The conference was attended by over 110 scientists from many countries and seven exhibitors showing a range of monitoring devices, sensors and instrumentation for pollution monitoring.

The first session, Some European Perspectives, examined air quality across Europe, progress towards attaining the Limit Values and outstanding issues and harmonisation of air quality monitoring in Europe. These were illustrated by presentations on meeting EU limit values in the UK,  past, present and future of metals and PAH monitoring, also in the UK, and  trends in NO2 and PM10 in the Netherlands. A subsequent session, Current and Future Air Pollution Monitoring – AirMonTech Project Update, covered the European Commission’s expectations from the AirMonTech project and outlined the core information needed to understand the present air pollution levels in Europe. Further presentations in this session examined the existing measurement technologies and the newer up and coming monitoring methods, instrumentation and proxies. The structure, functions and scope of the AirMonTech database were also explained. Baseline and Low Emission Zone modelling were also discussed to illustrate development of UK Air Quality plans for NO2 compliance.

The session, Carbon Content of Particulate Matter, included presentations discussing  inter-comparisons of carbonaceous aerosol source apportionment models at various urban sites and reduction of Black Carbon and CO2 in these environments. Measurement procedures for carbonaceous aerosols in the Po Valley, Italy and Black, Elemental and Organic Carbon in Flanders served to illustrate the issues discussed earlier. Presentations followed on the use of optical detection and thermal-optical methods for the discrimination between biomass and fossil fuel combustion products and the assessment of organic and elemental carbon in ambient air.

A further session, NO2, Sensors and Climate Change, considered recent data and trends for NOx and NO2 from road vehicles. Procedures for ambient NO2 measurement, and low-cost sensor networks for urban air quality measurements, were also discussed. A final paper presented an interesting presentation on air quality and climate change.

Presentations are available to view/download below.

Title Author
  Conference Booklet of Abstracts  
  Meeting the EU Limit Values in the UK Tim Williamson / Helen Ainsworth – DEFRA, UK
  Trends in NO2 and PM10 Concentration in the Netherlands Ronald Hoogerbrugge – RIVM, Netherlands
  The Past Present and Future of Metals and PAH Monitoring in the UK Richard Brown – National Physical Laboratory, UK
  Towards an Improved Harmonization of Regional Scale Air QualityMonitoring in Europe – The Role of EMEP in Providing Information toSupport Future EU Directives Kjetil Tørseth – Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Norway
  Intercomparisons of Carbonaceous Aerosol Source Apportionment Models at Various Urban Sites Olivier Favez – INERIS, France
  Reduction of Black Carbon and CO2 in Urban Environments Jim Mills – Air Monitors Ltd, UK
  Optical Detection and Discrimination Between Biomass and Fossil Fuel Combustion: Influence on Air Quality in Different Environments Grisa Močnik – Aerosol d.o.o. Slovenia
  Air Quality Monitoring of Black Elemental and Organic Carbon in Flanders
Christine Matheeussen
Flemish Environment Agency 
  Intercomparison of Thermal-Optical Protocols Currently Used in France and Europe for the Assessment of Ambient Air Organic and Elemental Carbon Within PM
Laura Chiappini
I N E R I S 
  The AirMonTech Database 
Maurizio Barbiere – 
J R C- European Commission 
  Exisitng Technologies for Regulated Metrics
Christoph Hueglin – 
E M P A 
  New Monitoring Technologies, New Metrics and Proxies
Ulrich Quass
I U T A eV 
  Baseline and Low Emission Zone Scenario Medelling to Support the Development of UK Air Quality Plans for NO2 Compliance
John Stedman – 
A E A T 
  Recent Evidence and Future Prospects Relating to NOx and NO2 from Road Vehicles
David Carslaw
King's College London 
  Nitrogen Dioxide Measurement Ambient Concentrations and Future Control Measures
Samuel Rouse
Brighton & Hove City Council, UK
  Low-Cost Sensor Networks for Measuring Urban Air Quality

Rod Jones -Cambridge University, UK 

  From Air Quality to Climate Change – A Switcher's Perspective 
Richard Gilham 
Met Office Hadley Centre 
U K 
  Air Quality Across Europe, Progress Towards Limit Value Attainmnet and Outstanding Issues Daniela Buzica-Widlowski
DG Environment


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